Welcome to CBD 101, a beginner’s guide to cannabidiol. Longleaf Provisions Company (LPC) provides this resource. We want our customers comfortable and informed.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol: a non-psychoactive cannabinoid produced by plants of the cannabis genus; C21H30(OH)2
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol (can-uh-bid-aye-awl). The primary source of CBD is the cannabis sativa plant and hemp is a varietal. And hemp plants produce CBD as well as numerous other cannabinoids. Some of these have similar and/or complementary properties to CBD.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds which affect the brains and bodies of animals. These compounds come from plants like hemp or within the human body itself by the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is a series of special receptors throughout the body of all complex animals. And plant cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids) interact with the ECS through these receptors.
ECS receptors are called CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are concentrated in the brain. CB2 receptors are mainly in the gastrointestinal system and regions the immune system affects.
Cannabinoids have also been shown to be “non-specific to their targets.” Cannabinoids bond with CB1 & CB2 receptors and also interact with a wide variety of other body structures. So CBD affects transporter molecules and enzymes, cell membranes and ion channels alike. This, coupled with the fact that ECS receptors are found on nearly every cell, show cannabinoids deliver therapeutic results to multiple conditions.
What is the endocannabinoid system?
The ECS was discovered in the late 1980s. It’s a series of special receptors throughout the body interacting with cannabinoids. The ECS helps regulate homeostasis, or balance, in the human body. And it impacts many key support functions like sleep, mood, memory, appetite, reproduction and pain sensation.
Homeostasis means regulating biological systems to maintain optimum conditions. So, our bodies don’t want temperature to be too hot or cold, or for blood sugar levels to be too high or low, and so on.
Maintaining optimum performance means conditions have to be just right for cells. So, over time, exquisite mechanisms have evolved to draw cells back to the ‘Goldilocks zone’ to stay in optimal levels. The ECS is the master control system for these functions. And the cannabinoids found in cannabis medicine help to promote a healthy and efficient ECS.
Is CBD legal?
Yes, CBD is legal to possess and use throughout the U.S.
Is CBD safe?
CBD, in and of itself, is very safe and non habit-forming. Research shows that CBD has few, if any, side effects. This goes for kids and pets as well, though it is important to remember that recommended dosage is based on body weight.
There is one major caveat: CBD does have the potential to interact with some medications. The concern has to do with how the body metabolizes certain substances. Before trying CBD, it is crucial that you speak with a health care provider or veterinarian about potential interactions with medications.
Where does CBD come from?
Cannabidiol is found in plants belonging to the genus cannabis sativa l. All cannabis plants have the genetic potential to produce both CBD, THC and a host of other “minor” cannabinoids.
The descriptor “industrial hemp” is a generalization. It refers to varietals of the cannabis sativa l genus which are bred and cultivated to produce less than .3% delta-9 tetrahydrocannabidiol (THC). This qualifies as “hemp” which is legal by US federal standards.
The vast majority of CBD products on the market today contain cannabinoids extracted from industrial hemp. LPC CBD products include Hemp Flower and products dervied from CBD oil including topicals, tinctures, pet love as well as beauty & personal care products.
What are full spectrum, broad spectrum and isolate products?
Full spectrum – products containing CBD, THC and other minor cannabinoids.
Broad spectrum – products containing CBD and minor cannabinoids but 0% THC.
Isolate products – products containing only CBD and possibly active ingredients derived from plants other than cannabis.
Full spectrum CBD is considered most beneficial because of the “entourage effect.” This means that cannabinoids compliment each other while working together in the body and provide effects greater than the sum of their parts.
WARNING: Even trace amounts of THC can show up on drug screens. If you have concerns regarding potential drug screening, please avoid full spectrum products.
How much CBD to take?
Dosing with cannabis products can be tricky. There are many different delivery methods available so we recommend that you speak with a member of our staff. LPC will detail instructions for you. When finding the best option for your needs, talk to an LPC CBD expert.